Intercultural Communication Bibliography

John R. Baldwin

This reference should serve as a springboard to your research in certain areas. In general, your article critiques will come from this list; however, if you are aware ahead of time of an article you would like to critique, that will be okay (it must fit within the regular schedule of class presentations). Note: for each of the articles you critique, you will make a brief presentation in class. You should provide a copy of your critique to the other class members. You may want to make overheads if this is appropriate. There are is a short reference list in the COM 472 syllabus. Not all references under a given heading may be critiqued for class. Use discretion in choosing a solid theoretical or primary research article.

UNIT 1: Intro to Culture and Intercultural Communication

Baldwin, J.R., & Lindsley, S.L. (1994). Conceptualizations of culture. Tempe: Urban Studies Center, Arizona State University..

 Kroeber, A.L., & Kluckhohn, C. (1952). Culture: A critical review of concepts and definitions. New York: Vintage.

 Singer, M. (1968). The concept of culture. In International encyclopedia of the social sciences, V3 Colo to Cult (pp. 527-543). MacMillan Company and Free Press.

Models

See Casmir & Asuncion-Lande below; Gudykunst & Kim (1992).

Casmir, F. L. (19xyz). Third-culture building: A paradigm shift for international and intercultural communication. In xyz, Communication Yearbook 16 (pp. 407-428).

Dodd, C.H. (1997). Dynamics of intercultural communication (5th ed.) Dubuque: Brown-Benchmark.

Gudykunst, W. B., & Kim, Y. Y. (1997). Communicating with strangers: An approach to intercultural communication. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Porter, R.E., & Samovar, L.A.. (1994). An introduction to intercultural communication. In L.A. Samovar & R.E. Porter (Eds.)., Intercultural communication: A reader (7th ed.) (pp. 4-26). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

History

Casmir, F.L. & Asuncion-Lande, N. (1990). Intercultural communication revisited: Conceptualization, paradigm building, and methodological approaches. Communication Yearbook 12, 278-309.

Harmon, R.C., & Briggs, N.E. (1991). SIETAR Survey: Perceived contributions of the social sciences to intercultural communication. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 15, 19-28.

Leeds-Hurwitz, W. (1990). Notes in the history of intercultural communication: The Foreign Service Institute and the mandate for intercultural training. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 76, 262-281.

UNIT 2: Theoretical Perspectives and Issues (including Conent of IC Comm)

Baldwin, J.R. (Nov., 1994). Putting sociology into interethnic communication studies.. Poster session paper presented at the annual meeting of the Speech Communication Association, New Orleans.

Carbaugh, D. (1988). Comments on "culture" in communication inquiry. Communication Reports, 1, 38-41.

Gudykunst, W.B., & Nishida, T. (1989). Theoretical perspectives for studying intercultural communication. In M.K. Asante & W.B. Gudykunst (Eds.) Handbook of international and intercultural communication (pp. 17-46). Newbury Park: Sage.

Howell, W. (1979). Theoretical directions in intercultural communication. In M. Asante, E. Newmark, & C. Blake (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural communication. Beverly Hills: Sage.

Kim, Y. Y. (1984). Searching for creative integration. In W. B. Gudykunst & Y. Y. Kim (Eds.), Methods for intercultural communication research (pp. 13-30). Beverly Hills: Sage.

Rohrlich, P. (1987). Why do we study intercultural communication? International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 11, 123-128.

Smith, A. G. (1982). Content decisions in intercultural communication. Southern Speech Communication Journal, 42, 252-262.

Shuter, R. (1990). The centrality of culture. Southern Communication Journal, 55, 237-249.

 

See Also:

Gudykunst, W.B. (Ed.). (1983). Intercultural communication theory: Current perspectives. Beverly Hills: Sage. (first book of theories in intercultural communication)

Kim, Y.Y., & Gudykunst, W.B. (Eds.). (1988). Theories in intercultural communication. Beverly Hills: Sage. (second major theory book; recommended text for COM 372, Fall, 1995)

Kincaid, D.L. (Ed.). (1987). Communication theory: Eastern and Western perspectives. San Diego: Academic Press.

Wiseman, R. (Ed.). (1995). Intercultural communication theory. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Series: International and Intercultural Communication Annual. This series usually has two volumes per year, each on a specific topic (e.g. communication and negotiation, interpersonal intercultural communication, political communication, intercultural communication in organizations). (For list of some books in series, see Supplemental Bib 1: IC Sources).

 

UNIT 2B (or not 2B): Methodological Approaches [Supplement/semi-required]

Some General Sources: Sorry, no time or place for this one. However, if you are interested in specific sources on different methodologies, please consult your instructor!

Berger, A.A. (1991). Media analysis techniques (rev. ed.) . Newbury Park: Sage.

Berger, A.A. (1995). Cultural criticism: A primer of key concepts. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Ajani ya Azibo, D. (1992). Understanding the proper and improper usage of the comparative research framework. In Burlew, A.K.H., Banks, W.C., McAdoo, H.P., & Ajani ya Azibo, D. (Eds.), African American psychology: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 18-27). Newbury Park: Sage.

Bachman, J.G., & O'Malley, P.M. (1984). Yea-saying, nay-saying, and going to extremes: Black-white differences in response styles. Public Opinion Quarterly 48, 491-509.

Barsh, R.L. (1988). Are anthropologists hazardous to Indians' health? The Journal of Ethnic Studies, 15, 1-37.

Caudle, F.M. (1982). Advertising as a basis for cross-cultural comparisons. In L.L. Adler (Ed.), Cross-cultural research at issue (pp. 209-229). New York: Academic Press.

Cole, M., & Scribner, S. (1982). Developmental theories applied to cross-cultural cognitive research. In L.L. Adler (Ed.), Cross-cultural research at issue (pp. 3-12). New York: Academic Press.

Conquergood, D. (1991). Rethinking ethnography. Communication Monographs, 58, 179-194.

Essed, P. (1991). Understanding everyday racism: An interdisciplinary theory. Newbury Park: Sage. ($24.00, paperback, 336 pp. 42567). Note: Chapter 4 details Essed's methodology.

Eyesenck, S.B.G. (1983). One approach to cross-cultural studies of personality. Australian Journal of Psychology, 35, 381-391.

Gurdin, J.B. (1983). Naturalistic categories of ethnic identity in Quebec. In W.C. McCready (Ed.), Culture, ethnicity, and identity: current issues in research (pp. 149-180). New York: Academic.

Helms, J.E. (1990). The measurement of black racial identity attitudes. In J.E. Helms (Ed.), Black and white racial identity: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 33-47). New York: Greenwood.

Helms, J.E., & Carter, R.T. (1990). Development of the white racial identity inventory. In J.E. Helms (Ed.), Black and white racial identity: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 67-80). New York: Greenwood.

Hui, C. H., & Triandis, H.C. (1985). Measurement in cross-cultural psychology: A review and comparison of strategies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 16, 131-152.

Irwin, M., Klein, R.E., & Townsend, J.W. (1982). Indigenous versus construct validity in cross-cultural research. In L.L. Adler (Ed.), Cross-cultural research at issue (pp. 23-29). New York: Academic Press.

Jones, S.E. (1979). Integrating etic and emic approaches in the study of intercultural communication. In M.K. Asante, E. Newmark, C.A. Blake (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural communication (pp. 57-74). Beverly Hills: Sage.

Obidinsky, E. (1978). Methodological considerations in the definition of ethnicity. Ethnicity, 5, 213-228.

Olebe, M., & Koester, J. (1989). Exploring the cross-cultural equivalence of the behavioral assessment scale for intercultural communication. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 13, 333-348.

Olivas, M.A. (1989). An elite priesthood of white males dominates the central areas of civil-rights scholarship. Chronicle of Higher Education, B1-2.

Ramirez, A., & Ossorio, P.G. (1983). Ethnic psychology: An approach to the study of race, ethnicity, and culture. In W.C. McCready (Ed.), Culture, ethnicity, and identity: current issues in research (pp. 283-289). New York: Academic.

Rosaldo, R. (1989). Culture and truth: The remaking of social analysis. Boston: Beacon. [Note: Ch. 6: Narrative analysis, pp. 127-143].

Rubin, R. B., Palmgreen, P., & Sypher, H. E.  (1994).  Communication research measures: A sourcebook.  New York:  Guilford Press.

Williams, J.A. (1964). Interviewer-respondent interaction: A study of bias in the information interview. Sociometry, 27, 338-352.

Word, C.O. (1992). Cross-cultural methods for survey research in black urban areas. In Burlew, A.K.H., Banks, W.C., McAdoo, H.P., & Ajani ya Azibo, D. (Eds.), African American psychology: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 28-42). Newbury Park: Sage.

Zavalloni, M. ( ). Cognitive processes and social identity through focused introspection. European Journal of Social Psychology, 1, 235-260.

Marin, G., & Marin, B.V. (1991). Reesarch with Hispanic populations. Newbury Park: Sage. ($16.95, paperback, 144 pp., 37210)

Stanfield, J.H., III. (Ed.) (1993). A history of race relations research: First-generation recollections. Newbury Park: Sage. ($24.95 papaerback, 286 pp, 50055).

Stanfield, J.H., III, & Dennis, R.M. (Eds.). (1993). Race and ethnicity in research methods. Newbury Park: Sage. ($24.95 paperback, 314 pages, 50071).

See Also:

Gudykunst, W.B., & Kim, Y.Y. (Eds.). (1984). Methods for intercultural communication research. Beverly Hills: Sage. Chapters include:

Diverse Approaches to Research

Kim, Y.Y. (1984). Searching for creative integration (pp. 13-30)

Wright, J.E. (1984). The implications of cognitive science. (pp. 31-45)

Tafoya, D.W. (1984). Research and cultural phenomena (pp. 47-65)

Sarbaugh, L.E. (1984). An overview of selected approaches (pp. 67-82)

"Quantitative" Approaches

Korzenny, F., & Korzenny, B.A.G. (1984). Quantitative approaches: an overview (pp. 85-94).

Yum, J.O. (1984). Network analysis. (pp. 95-116).

Woelfel, J., & Napoli, N.R. (1984). Measuring human emotion: proposed standards (pp. 117-127).

Palmer, M.T., & Barnett, G.A. (1984). Using a spatial model to verify language translation (pp. 129-146).

Go, M.J. (1984). Quantitative content analysis. (pp. 147-154).

Wolfson, K., & Norden, M.F. (1984). Measuring responses to filmed interpersonal conflict: A rules approach (pp. 155-166).

"Qualitative" Approaches

Ting-Toomey, S. (1984). Qualititative research: An overview. (pp. 169-184).

Starosta, W.J. (1984). Qualitative content analysis: A Burkean perspective (pp. 185-194).

Shuter, R. (1984). Naturalistic field research. (pp. 195-204).

Sarett, C.J. (1984). Observational methods (pp. 205-214).

Deetz, S. (1984). Metaphor analysis (pp. 215-228).

Starosta, W.J. (1984). On intercultural rhetoric (pp. 2229-238).

 

UNIT 3: Intro to Culture and Intercultural Communication

Anxiety Uncertainty Management Theory (update 2/19/07)

Roots & Theory

Gudykunst, W.B. (1995). Anxiety/Uncertainty Management (AUM) Theory. In R. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural Communication Theory (pp. 8-58). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Research

Baldwin, J.R. (1993). Reducing uncertainty about uncertainty reduction: A preliminary meta-analysis of URT in Intercultural Communication. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Western States Communication Association.

Cai, D., & Lan, N. (Nov., 2004). Anxiety and uncertainty management in an intercultural setting: The impact on organization-public relationships. Paper presented to the International Communication Association, city.

Gao, G., & Gudykunst, W. B. (1995). Attributional confidence, perceived similarity, and network involvement in Chinese and American romantic relationships. Communication Quarterly, 43, 431-445.

Gudykunst, W.B. (1983). Uncertainty reduction and predictability of behavior in low and high context cultures. Communication Quarterly, 31, 49-55.

Gudykunst, W.B. (1985). The influence of cultural similarity, type of relationship and self-monitoring on uncertainty reduction processes. Communication Monographs, 52, 203-217.

Gudykunst, W.B. (1985). A model of uncertainty reduction in intercultural encounters. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 4, 79-98

Gudykunst, W.B., & Hammer, M.R. (1988). The influence of ethnicity, gender, and dyadic composition on uncertainty reduction in initial interactions. Journal of Black Studies, 18, 191-214.

Gudykunst, W. B., Matsumoto, Y., Ting-Toomey, S., Nishida, T., Kim, K., & Heyman, S. (1996). The influence of cultural individualism-collectivism, self-construals, and individual values on communication styles across cultures. Human Communication Research, 22, 510-543.

Gudykunst, W.B., & Nishida, T. (1984). Individual and cultural influences on uncertainty reduction. Communication Monographs, 51, 23-36.

Gudykunst, W.B., Yang, S.-M., & Nishida, T. (1985). A cross-cultual test of uncertainty reduction theory: Comparisons of acquaintances, friends, and dating relationships in Japan, Korea, and the United States. Human Communication Research, 11, 407-454.

Hammer, M. R., Wiseman, R. L., Rasmussen, J. L., & Bruschke, J. C. (1998). A test of Anxiety/Uncertainty management theory: The intercultural adaptation context. Communication Quarterly, 46, 309-326.

Love, D. E., & Powers, W. G. (2003). Communicating under uncertainty: Interaction between Arab students and Western instructors. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 31, 217-231.

Sanders, J.A., Wiseman, R.L., & Matz, S.I. (1991). Uncertainty reduction in acquaintance relationships in Ghana and the United States. In S. Ting-Toomey & F. Korzenny (Eds.), Cross-cultural interpersonal communication (pp. 79-98). Newbury Park: Sage.

Witte, K. (1993). A theory of cognition and negative affect: Extending Gudykunst and Hammer's theory of uncertainty and anxiety reduction. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 17, 197-215.

Relationships: Social Penetration Theory and other Theories

Social Penetration Theory: For overview, see Altman & Taylor (1975); copy will be on reserve.

Gudykunst, W.B. (1985). An exploratory comparison of close intracultural and intercultural friendships. Communication Quarterly, 33, 27-283.

Gudykunst, W.B. (1985). The influence of cultural variability on perceptions of communication associated with relationship terms. Human Communication Research, 13, 147-166.

Gudykunst, W.B. (1986). Etnicity, types of relationship, and intraethnic and interethnic uncertainty reduction. In Y.Y. Kim (Ed.), Interethnic communication: Current research (pp. 201-224). Newbury Park: Sage.

Hammer, M.R. (1986). The influence of ethnic and attitude similarity on initial social penetration. In Y.Y. Kim (Ed.), Interethnic communication: Current research (pp. 225-237). Newbury Park: Sage.

Other Views

Alexander, A., Cronen, V., Kang, K.W., Tsou, B., & Banks, B.J. (1986). Patterns of topic sequencing and development in Chinese and American cultures. Communication Quarterly, 34, 66-78.

Chang, H., & Holt, G.R. (1991). More than relationship: Chinese interaction and the principle of Kuan-Hsi. Communication Quarterly, 39, 251-271.

Gao, G. (1991). Stability of romantic relationships in China and the United States. In S. Ting-Toomey & F. Korzenny (Eds.), Cross-Cultural Interpersonal Communication (pp. 99-116). Newbury Park: Sage.

Graham, M.A., Moeai, J., & Shizuru, L.S. (1985). Intercultural marriages: An intrareligious perspective. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 9, 427-434.

Lampe, P. E. (1982). Interethnic dating: Reasons for and against. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 6, 115-126.

Rohrlich, B. F. (1988). Dual-culture marriage and communication. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 12, 35-. (review)

Sias, P. M., Drzewiecka, J. A., Meares, M., Bent, R., Konomi, Y., Ortega, M., & White, C. (2008). Intercultural friendship development. Communication Reports, 21, 1-13.

Sung, B. L. (1990). Chinese American intermarriage. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 21, 337-

Sudweeks, S., Gudykunst, W. B., Ting-Toomey, S., & Nishida, T. (1990). Developmental themes in Japanese-North American interpersonal relationships. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 207-.

Ting-Toomey (1991). Intimacy expression in three cultures: France, Japan, and the United States. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 15, 29-46.

SEE ALSO:

Baldwin, J.R. (1991, May). Annotated Bibliography on Dual Culture Marriages. Part of presentation at SIETAR Annual Conference, Montego Bay, Jamaica.

Dicks, D. (1993). Cupid's wild arrows: Intercultural romance and its consequences. Weggis, Switzerland: Bergli Books. (book of personal stories)

Romano, D. (1988). Intercultural marriage: Promises & Pitfalls. Yarmouth, ME: Intercultural Press. (counseling book)

Stuart, I.R., & Abt, L.E. (Eds.). (1973). Interracial marriage: Expectations and realities. New York: Grossman. (essays)

Tseng, W.S., McDermott, J.F., & Maretzki, T.W. (Eds.). (1977). Adjustment in intercultural marriage. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii. (mostly essays, 2 primary studies)

Values

Dahl, O. (1995). When the future comes from behind: Malagasy and other time concepts and some consequences for communication. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 19, 197-209.

Furnham, A., & Alibhai (1985). Value differences in foreign students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 9, 365-.

Hofstede, G. (1986). Cultural differences in teaching and learning. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 10, 301-. (essay)

Kopper, E. (1993). Swiss and Germans: Similarities and differences in work-related values, attitudes, and behavior. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 17, 167-184.

Reynolds, B. K. (1984). A cross-cultural study of values of Germans and Americans. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 8, 269-278.

Verbal Behavior:

Adelman, M. P., & Lustig, M. W. (1981). Intercultural communication problems as perceived by Saudi Arabian and American managers. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 5, 349-.

Aune, R.K., & Waters, L.L. (1994). Cultural differences in deception: Motivations to deceive in Samoans and North Americans. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 18, 159-172.

Barnlund, D. C., & Araki, S. (1985). Intercultural encounters: The management of compliments by Japanese and Americans. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 16, 9-

Barnlund, D. C., & Yoshioka, M. (1990). Apologies: Japanese and American styles. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 193-.

Cohen, R. (1987). Problems of intercultural communication in Egyptian-American diplomatic relations. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 11, 29-.

Cupach, W.R., & Imahori, T. T. (1993). Managing social predicaments created by others: A comparison of Japanese and American facework. Western Journal of Communication, 57, 431-444.

Fitch, K.L. (1994). A cross-cultural study of directive sequences ans some implications for compliance-gaining research. Communication Monographs, 61, 185-209.

Hall, J.K. (1993). Tengo una bomba: The paralinguistic and linguistic conventions of the oral practice, chismeando. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 26, 55-83.

Imahori, T.T., & Cupach, W.R. (1994). A cross-cultural comparison of the interpretation and management of face: U.S. American and Japanese responses to embarrassing predicaments. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 18, 193-219.

Katriel, T. (1993). Lefargen: A study in Israeli semantics of social relations. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 26, 31-53.

McCroskey, J.C., Burroughs, N.F., Daun, A., & Richmond, V.P. (1990). Correlates of quietness: Swedish and American perspectives. Communication Quarterly, 38, 127-137.

McLaurin, P. (1995). An examination of the effect of culture on pro-social messages directed at African-American at-risk youth. Communication Monographs, 62, 301-326.

Nelson, G.L., El Bakary, W., & Al Batal, M. (1993). Egyptian and American compliments: A cross-cultural study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 17, 293-313.

Rubin, R.B., Fernandez Collado, C., & Hernandez-Sampieri, R. (1992). A cross-cultural examination of interpersonal communication motives in Mexico and the United States. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 16, 145-157.

Stuart, L. P., Gudykunst, W. B., Ting-Toomey, S., & Nishida, T. (1986). The effects of decision-making style on openness and satisfaction within Japanese organizations.  Communication Monographs, 53, 236-251.

Sueda, K., & Wiseman, R.L. (1992). Embarrassment remediation in Japan and the United States. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 16, 159-173.

Suzuki, S., & Rancer, A.S. (1994). Argumentativeness and verbal aggressiveness: Testing for conceptual and measurement equivalence across cultures. Communication Monographs, 61, 256-279.

Watson, A.K., Monroe, E.E., & Atterstrom, H. (1989). Comparison of communication apprehension across cultures: American and Swedish children. Communication Quarterly, 37, 67-76.

Facework Theory (and conflict))  [Update 3/21/06]

The Theory:

Ting-Toomey, S. (1988). Intercultural conflict styles: A face-negotiation theory. In Y.Y.Kim & W.B. Gudykunst (Eds.), Theories in intercultural communication (pp. 213-235). Newbury Park: Sage.

Ting-Toomey, S. (2005). Identity negotiation theory: Crossing national boundaries. In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing intercultural communication (pp. 211-233). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ting-Toomey, S., & Kurogi, A. (1998). Facework competence in intercultural conflict: An updated face-negotiation theory. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 22, 187-225.

Ting-Toomey, S., & Oetzel, J. (2001). Managing intercultural conflict effectively. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ting-Toomey, S., & Oetzel, J. (2003). Cross-cultural face concerns and conflict styles: Current status and future directions. In W. B. Gudykunst & W. B. Mody (Eds.), Handbook of International and Intercultural Communication (2nd ed., pp. 143-163). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Research:

Oetzel, J. G., & Ting-Toomey, S. (2003). Face concerns in interpersonal conflict: A cross-cultural empirical test of the face negotiation theory. Communication Research, 30, 599-624.

Oetzel, J., Ting-Toomey, S., Chew-Sanchez, M. I., Harris, R., Wilcox, R., Stumpf, S. (2003). Face and facework in conflicts with parents and siblings: A cross-cultural comparison of Germans, Japanese, Mexicans, and U.S. Americans. The Journal of Family Communication, 3(2), 67-93.

Oetzel, J., Ting-Toomey, S., Masumoto, T., Yokochi, Y, Pan, X., Takai, J., & Wilcox, R. (2001). Face and facework in conflict: A cross-cultural comparison of China, Germany, Japan, and the United States. Communication Monographs, 68, 235-358.

Oetzel, J. G., Ting-Toomey, S., Yokochi, Y., Matsumoto, T., & Takai, J. (x). A typology of facework behaviors in conflicts with best friends and relative strangers. Communication Quarterly, 48, 397-419.

Pan, Y.  (2000).  Politeness in Chinese Face-to-Face Interaction.  USA:  Ablex Publishing Corporation.

Ross, M. H. (2000). Creating the conditions for peacemaking: theories of practice in ethnic conflict resolution. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 23, 1002-1034. [Not related to FCNT, but useful on interethnic/ intergroup conflict].

Ting-Toomey, S. (1986). Conflict communication styles in black and white subjective cultures. In Y.Y. Kim (Ed.), Interethnic communication: Current research (pp. 75-88). Newbury Park: Sage.

Ting-Toomey, S., Oetzel, J. G., & Yee-Jung, K.  (2001). Self-construal types and conflict management styles. Communication Reports, 14, 87-104.

Ting-Toomey, S., Yee-Jung, K. K., Shapiro, R. B., Garcia, W., Wright, T. J., & Oetzel, J. G. (2000). Ethnic/cultural identity salience and conflict styles in four U. S. samples. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 24, 47-81.

Conversational Constraints Theory (and self-construal) [Update 2/14/06]

The Theory:

Kim, M.-S. (1993). Culture-based conversational constraints in explaining cross-cultural strategic competence. In R. L. Wiseman & J. Koester (Eds.), Intercultural communication competence (pp. 132-150). Newbury Park: Sage.

Kim, M.-S. (1995). Towards a theory of conversational constraints: Focusing on individual-level dimensions of culture. In R. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural communication theory (pp. 148-169). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Kim, M.-S. (2005). Culture-based conversational constraints theory. In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing intercultural communication (pp. 93-117). Thousand Oaks: Sage. [See this source for review of other theoretical work by Kim in 1997, 2001, & 2002, as well as for other research than that listed below]

The Research:

Kim, M.-S. (1994). Cross-cultural comparisons of the perceived importance of conversational constraints. Human Communication Research, 21, 128-151.

Kim, M.-S., & Bresnahan, M.  (1994). A process model of request tactic evaluation. Discourse Processes, 18, 317-344.

Kim, M.-S., Hunter, J. E., Horvath, A., Bresnahan, M., & Yoon, H. J. (1996). Individual- vs. culture-level dimensions of individualism and collectivism: Effects on preferred conversational styles. Communication Monographs, 63, 29-49.

Kim, M.-S., & Sharkey, W. F. (1995). Independent and interdependent construals of the self: Explaining cultural patterns of interpersonal communication in multi-cultural settings. Communication Quarterly, 43, 20-38.

Kim, M.-S., Sharkey, W. F., & Singelis, T. M. (1994). A cross-cultural comparison of implicit theories of requesting. Communication Monographs, 61, 210-235.

Kim, M-S., & Wilson, S.R. (1994). A cross-cultural comparison of implicit theories of requesting. Communication Monographs, 61, 210-235

Miyahara, A., & Kim, M.-S. (1993). Requesting styles among “collectivistic” cultures: A comparison between Japanese and Koreans. Intercultural Communication Studies, 6, 104-128.

Miyahara, A., Kim, M.-S., Shin, H. C., & Yoon, K.  (1998). Conflict resolution styles among “collectivistic” cultures: A comparison between Japanese and Koreans, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 22, 505-525.

Park, H. S., Levine, T. R., & Sharkey, W. F. (1998). The theory of reasoned action and self-construals: Understanding recycling in Hawai’i. Communication Studies, 49, 196-208.

Singelis, T. M., & Brown, W. J. (1995). Culture, self, and collectivistic communication: Linking culture to individual behavior. Human Communication Research, 21, 354-389.

Schema Theory [Update 3/21/06]

The Theory:

Nishida, H. (2005). Cultural schema theory. In W. B. Gudkyunst (Ed.), Theorizing about intercultural communication (pp. 401-418). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Research:

Blair-Loy, M. (2001). Cultural constructions of family schemas: The case of women financial executives. Gender & Society, 15, 687-709.

Malcom, I. G., & Sharifian, F. (2005). Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue: Australian Aboriginal students;’ schematic repertoire. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 26, 512-521..

Nonverbal Behavior

Albert, R.D., & Nelson, G.L. (1993). Hispanic/Anglo-American differences in attributions to paralinguistic behavior. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 17, 19-40

Boucher, J. D., & Carlson. G.E. (1980). Recognition of facial expressions in three cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 11, 263.

Burgoon, J.K. (1994). Cross-cultural and intercultural applications of Expectancy Violations Theory. In R. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural Communication Theory (pp. 194-214). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Ducci, L., Arcuri, L., Georgis, T., & Sineshaw, D. (1982). Emotion recognition in Ethiopia: The effect of familiarity with Western culture on accuracy of recognition. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 13, 340-351.

Ekman, P., Friesen, W.V., O'Sullivan, M., Chan, A., Diacoyanni-Tarlatzis, I., et al. (1987). Universals and cultural differences in the judgments of facial expressions of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 712-717.

Graham, J.A., & Argyle, J.A. (1975). A cross-cultural study of the communication of extra-verbal meaning by gestures. International Journal of Psychology, 10, 57-67.

Matsumoto, D. (1991). Cultural influences on facial expressions of emotion. Southern Communication Journal, 56, 128-.

Matsumoto, D., & Kudoh, T. (1987). Cultural similarities and differences in the semantic dimensions of body posture. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 11, 166-179.

Mazur, A. (1977). Interpersonal spacing on public benches in contact vs. noncontact cultures. Journal of Social Psychology, 101, 53-.

Shuter, R. (1976). Proxemics and tactility in Latin America. Journal of Communication, 26, 46-52.

Shuter, R. (1977). A field study of nonverbal communication in Germany, Italy, and the United States. Communication Monographs, 44, 298-.

Sussman, N. M., & Rosenfeld, H. M. (1982). Influence of culture, language and sex on conversational distance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 66-.

 

Immediacy (Verbal & Nonverbal)

Neuliep, J. W. (1997). A cross-cultural comparison of teacher immediacy in American and Japanese college classrooms. Communication Research. 24(4), 431-451.

 

McCroskey, James C., Richmond, Virginia P., Sallinen, Aino, Fayer, Joan M., and Barraclough, Robert A. (1995). A cross-cultural and multi-behavioral analysis of the relationship between nonverbal immediacy and teacher evaluation. Communication Education. 44(4), 281-291.

 

Myers, S. A., Zhong, M., & Guan, S. (1998). Instructor immediacy in the Chinese college classroom. Communication Studies, 49, 240-254.

Sanders, Judith A., and Wiseman, Richard L. (1990).The effects of verbal and nonverbal teacher immediacy on perceived cognitive, affective, and behavioral learning in the multicultural classroom. Communication Education. 39(4), 341-353.

 

Conflict

Chau, E., & Gudykunst, W.B. (1987). Conflict resolution style in low- and high-context cultures. Communication Research Reports, 4, 32-37.

Cocroft, B.K., & Ting-Toomey, S. (1994). Facework in Japan and the United States. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 18, 469-506

Collier, M.J. (1991). Conflict competence within African-, Mexican-, and Ango-American friendships. In S. Ting-Toomey & F. Korzenny (Eds.), Cross-cultural interpersonal communication (pp. 132-154). Newbury Park: Sage.

Hall, B.J., & Noguchi, M. (1993). Intercultural conflict: A case study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 17, 399-413.

Waters, H. Jr. (1992). Race, culture, and interpersonal conflict. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 16, 437-454.

Persuasion

Burgoon, M., Dillard, J.P., Doran, N.E., & Miller, M.D. (1982). Cultural and situational influences on the process of persuasive strategy selection. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 6, 85-100.

For more, see M-S. Kim & S.R. Wilson, K.L. Fitch under "Language" above.

UNIT 4: Intercultural Sojourn, Acculturation, and Competence

Cross-cultural adaptation

Ady, J.C. (1995). Toward a differential demand model of sojourner adjustment. In R. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural communication theory (pp. 92-114). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Austin, C. (Ed.). (1987). Readings in cross-cultural re-entry. Abilene, TX: ACU Press. (annotated bibliography).

Chen, G. (1992). Communication adaptability and interaction involvement as predictors of cross-cultural adjustment. Communication Research Reports, 9, 33-42.

Chiu, M.L. (1995). The influence of anticipatory fear on foreign student adjustment: An exploratory study. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 19, 1-44.

Church, A. (1982). Sojourner adjustment. Psychological Bulletin, 91, 540-575. (review).

Dunbar, (1992). Adjustment and satisfaction of expatriate U.S. personnel. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 16, 1-16.

Gama, E. & Pedersen, P. (1977). Readjustment problems of Brazilian returnees from graduate study in the United States. The International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Winter 1(4).

Gao, G., & Gudykunst, W. B. (1990). Uncertainty, anxiety, and adaptation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 301-317.

Kidder, L.H. (1992). Requirements for being "Japanese": Stories of returnees. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 16, 383-393.

Kim, Y.Y. (1995). Cross-cultural adaptation: An integrative theory. In R. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural communication theory (pp. 170-193). Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Martin, J.N. (1986). Patterns of communication in three types of reentry relationships. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 50, 183-.

Martin, J.N., Bradford, L., & Rohrlich, B. (1995). Comparing predeparture expectations and postsojourn reports: A longitudinal study of U.S. students abroad. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 19, 87-110.

Parker, B. ,& McEvoy, G.M. (1993). Initial examination of a model of intercultural adjustment. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 17, 355-379.

Rohrlich, B., & Martin, J. (1991). Host country and reentry adjustment of college student sojourners. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 15.

Searle, W., & Ward, C. (1990). The prediction of psychological and sociocultural adjustment during cross-cultural transitions. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 449-464.

Tanaka, T., Takai, J., Hohyama, T., & Fujihara, T. (1994). Adjustment patterns of international students in Japan. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 18, 55-75.

Uehara, A. (1986). The nature of American student reentry adjustment and perceptions of the sojourn experience. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 10, 415-.

Weissman, D., & Furnham, A. (1987). The expectations and experiences of a sojourning temporary resident abroad: A preliminary study. Human Relations, 40, 313-.

Wilson, A. (1985). Returned exchange students: Becoming mediating persons. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 9, 285-304.

Intercultural Communicator Competence/Multicultural Person

Bennett, M.J. (1986). Towards ethnorelativism: A developmental model of intercultural sensitivity. In M.P. Paige (Ed.), Cross-cultural orientation: New conceptualizations and applications (pp. 26-69). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Detweiler, R. A. (1980). Intercultural interaction and the categorization process: A conceptual analysis and behavioral outcome. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 4, 275-.

Hammer, M.R. (1987). Behavioral dimensions of intercultural effectiveness: A replication and extension. International Journal of Intercultural Relations 11, 65-88.

Hawes, F., & Kealey, D. J. (1981). An empirical study of Canadian technical assistance: Adaptation and effectiveness on overseas assignment. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 5, 239-.

Kealey, D.J. (1989). A study of cross-cultural effectiveness: Theoretical issues, practical applications. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 449-464.

Martin, J., & Hammer, M. (1989). Behavioral categories of intercultural communication competence: Everyday communicators' perceptions. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 13, 303-.

Olebe, M., & Koester, J. (1989). Exploring the cross-cultural equivalence of the behavioral assessment scale for intercultural communication. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 13, 333-347.

Spitzberg, B. (1989). Issues in the development of a theory of interpersonal competence in the intercultural context. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 13.

Spitzberg, B.H. (1994). A model of intercultural communication competence. In LA. Samovar & R.E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural communication: A reader (pp. 347-359). Belmont: Wadsworth.

UNIT 5: IC Comm in Contexts

For this unit, we will pick, as a class, theories from Wiseman (choices: Witte & Morrison, Oetzl, Katriel).

You may want to browse and find an article suitable to a particular context. It should be intercultural, but may focus on educational context, business context (e.g. participative management), political context, psychological context. That is, it should be applied research. The interests of the class will dictate the direction of this unit.

 

Education and the Workplace: The following are some examples--NOT for abstracting.

Collier, J.J., & Powell, (1990). Ethnicity, instructional communication, and classroom system. Communication Quarterly, 38, 334-349.

Cushner, K. (1989). Assessing the impact of a culture-general assimilator. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 13, 125-

Foeman, A.K., & Pressley, G. (1987). Ethnic culture and corporate culture: Using Black styles in organizations. Communication Quarterly, 35, 293-307. (essay)

Gudykunst, W.B. (1979). The effects of an intercultural communication workshop on cross-cultural attitudes and interaction. Communication Education, 28, 179.

Sanchez, J., & Stuckey, M. E. (1999). Communicating culture through leadership: One view from Indian Country. Communication Studies, 50, 103-115.

For many practical articles, exercises, etc., see IJIR.

Effective Intercultural Workgroup Communication Theory [Update 3/21/06]

The Theory:

Oetzel, J. G. (1995). Intercultural small groups: An effective decision-making theory. In R. L. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural communication theories (pp. 247-270). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Oetzel, J. G. (2005). Effective intercultural workgroup communication theory. In W. B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Theorizing intercultural communication (pp. 351-371). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Research:

Oetzel, J. G. (1998a). Culturally homogeneous and heterogeneous groups: Explaining communication processes through individualism-collectivism and self-construal. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 22, 135-161.

Oetzel, J. G. (1998b). Explaining individual communication processes in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups through individualism-collectivism and self-construal. Human Communication Research, 25, 202-224.

Oetzel, J. G. (2001). Self-construals, communication processes, and group outcomes in homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. Small Group Research, 32, 19-54.

Oetzel, J. G., & Bolton-Oetzel, K. (1997). Exploring the relationship between self-construal and dimensions of group effectiveness. Management Communication Quarterly, 10, 289-313.

 

UNIT 6: Intergroup Contact

This unit seeks to investigate several of the key theories that explain interracial/intergroup contact, especially as these apply to communication. The order of presentation will be slightly different from that presented in the Fall '95 syllabus.

 

Factors influencing IG/IE/IR Communication: Intergroup Theories [10-23; 10-25]

Sociological/Political/Economic Theories: Contact, etc.

Amir, Y. (1969). Contact hypothesis in ethnic relations. Psychological Bulletin, 71, 319-342.

Omi, M., & Winant, H. (1986). Racial formation in the United States: From the 1960s to the 1980s. New York: Routledge. [Chapter 4: 57-69].

Rex, J. (1980). The theory of race relations--a Weberian approach. In UNESCO (Ed.), Sociological theories: Race and colonialism (pp. 117-140). United Kingdom: UNESCO.

Sears, D.O. (1988). Symbolic racism. In P.A. Katz & D.A. Taylor (Eds.), Eliminating racism: Profiles in controversy (pp. 53-84). New York: Plenum Press.

Solomos, J. (1986). Varieties of Marxist conceptions of 'race,' class and the state: A critical analysis. In J. Rex & D. Mason (Eds.), Theories of race and ethnic relations (pp. 84-109). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Education

Tatum, B.D. (1992). Talking about race, learning about racism: The application of Racial Identity Development Theory in the classroom. Howard Educational Review, 62, 1-23.

Evolutionary Theory/Sociobiology

Dunbar, R.I.M. (1987). Sociobiological explanations and the evolution of ethnocentrism. In V. Reynolds, V.S.E. Falger, & I. Vine (Eds.), The sociobiology of ethnocentrism: Evolutionary dimensions of xenophobia, discrimination, racism, and nationalism (pp. 48-59). London: Croom Helm.

Ross, M.H. (1991). The role of evolution in ethnocentric conflict and its management. Journal of Social Issues, 47, 167-185.

van der Dennen, J. (1987). Ethnocentrism and in-group/out-group differentiation: A review and interpretation of the literature. In V. Reynolds, V.S.E. Falger, & I. Vine (Eds.), The sociobiology of ethnocentrism: Evolutionary dimensions of xenophobia, discrimination, racism, and nationalism (pp. 1-47). London: Croom Helm.

Moral Exclusion: See Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 46, No. 1, entire issue

Bar-Tal, D. (1990). Causes and consequences of delegitimization: Models of conflict and ethnocentrism. Journal of Social Issues, 46, 65-81.

Opotow, S. (1990). Moral exclusion and injustice: An introduction. Journal of Social Issues, 46, 1-20.

Social-Psychological Theoriee: Cognition, etc.

Billig, M., Condor, S., Edwards, D., Gane, M., Middleton, D., & Radley, A. (1988). Ideological dilemmas. Newbury Park: Sage. [May abstract Ch. 7: Prejudice and Tolerance].

Gudykunst, W.B. (1986). Towards a theory of intergroup communication. In W.B. Gudykunst (Ed.), Intergroup communication theory (pp. 152-167).

Manusov, V., Winchatz, M. R., & Manning, L. M. (1997). Acting our our minds: Incorporating behavior into models of stereotype-based expectancies for cross-cultural interactions. Communication Monographs, 64, 119-139.

Stephan, W. (1985). Intergroup relations. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (rev. ed.) (pp. 599-658). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Tajfel, H. (1978). Interindividual behavior and intergroup behavior. In H. Tajfel (Ed.), Differentiation betwen social groups (pp. 27-60). London: Academic Press.

Tajfel, H., & Turner, J.C. (1986). The social identity theory of intergroup behavior. In S. Worchel & W.G. Austin (Eds.), Psychology of intergroup relationships (2nd ed.) (pp. 7-24). Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

Van Dijk, T.A. (19xyz). Cognitive situation models in discourse production: The expression of ethnic situations in prejudiced discourse. In J.P. Forgas (Ed.), Language and social situations (pp. 61-77).

Ethnolinguistic Vitality/Communication Accommodation

Abrams, J., O’Connor, J., & Giles, H. (2002). Identity and intergroup communication. In W. B. Gudykunst & B. Mody (Eds.), Handbook of international and intercultural communicationI (2nd ed., pp. 225-240). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Bourhis, R.Y., Giles, H., & Rosenthal, D. (1981). Notes on the construction of a 'subjective vitality questionnaire' for ethnolinguistic groups. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 2, 145-155. [Not for Abstracting]

Coupland, N., Wiemann, J.M., & Giles, H. (1991). Talk as "problem" and communication as "miscommunication." An integrative analysis. In N. Coupland, H. Giles, & J.M. Wiemann (Eds.), "Miscommunication" and problematic talk (pp. 1-17).

Gallois, C., Giles, H., Jones, E., Cargile, A., & Ota, H. (1995). Accommodating intercultural encounters: Elaborations and extensions. In R. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercultural communication theory (pp. 115-147). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Gallois, C., Franklyn-Stokes, A., Giles, H., & Coupland, N. (1988). Communication accommodation in intercultural encounters. In Y. Y. Kim & W. B. Gudykunst (Eds.), Theories in intercultural communication (pp. 157-185). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Gallois, C., Ogay, T., & Giles, H. (2005). Communication accommodation theory. In W. B. Gudyunst (Ed.), Theorizing intercultural communication (pp. 121-148). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Giles, H., & Bourhis, R.Y. (1976). Voice and racial categorization in Britain. Communication Monographs, 43, 108-114.

Giles, H., Mulac, A., Bradac, J. J., & Johnson, P. (1987). Speech accommodation theory: The first decade and beyond. In M. McLaughlin (Ed.), Communication yearbook 10 (pp. 13-48). Newbury Park: Sage.

Johnston, L., & Hewstone, M. (1990). Intergroup contact: Social identity and social cognition. In D. Abrams & M.A. Hogg (Eds.), Social identity theory (pp. 185-210). New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

McCann, R. M., & Giles, H. (2007). Age differentiated communication in organizations: Perspectives from Thailand and the United States. Communication Research Reports, 24, 1-12.

Sachdev, I., & Bourhis, Y. (1990). Language and social identification. In D. Abrams & M.A. Hogg (Eds.), Social identity theory (pp. 211-229). New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

See Also

Baldwin J.R., & Hecht, M.L. (1995).The Layered Perspective: The roots of a multidiscplinary approach to cultural (in)tolerance(s). In R. Wiseman (Ed.), Intercutlural Communication Theory (pp. 59-89?), Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Essed, F. (1991). Understanding everyday racism: An interdisciplinary theory. Newbury Park: Sage.

Johnson, F. L. (2000). Speaking culturally: Language diversity in the United States. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Rex, J., & D. Mason (Eds.) (1986). Theories of race and ethnic relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Reynolds, V., Falger, V., & Vine, I. (1987). The sociobiology of ethnocentrism: Evolutionary dimensions of xenophobia, discrimination, racism, and nationalism. London: Croom Helm.

Tajfel, H. (Ed.). (1982). Social identity and intergroup relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Triandis, H.C. (Ed.) (1976). Variations in black and white perceptions of the social environment. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press.)

Worchel, S., & Austin, W.G. (Eds.), Psychology of intergroup relationships (2nd ed.). Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

van Dijk, T.A. (1984). Prejudice in discourse. Amsterdam: Benjamins.

van Dijk, T.A. (1987). Communicating racism: Ethnic prejudice in thought and talk. Newbury Park: Sage.

Sexism/Gender

Buzzanell, P. M. (1995). Reframing the glass ceiling as a socially constructed process: Implications for understanding and change. Communication Monographs, 62, 327-354.

Mulac, A., Lundell, T. L., & Bradac, J. J. (1986). Male/female language differences and attributional consequences in a public speaking situation: Toward an explanation of the gender-linked language effect. Communication Monographs, 53, 115-129.

IG/IE/ER Communication: Theory and Research [10-30, 11-1]

Baker, R.C., Roll, S., & Melgoza, B. (1979). Anglo-Chicano and male-female differences in disclaimed activity. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 10, 191-202.

Booth-Butterfield, M., & Jordan, F. (1989). Communication adaptation among racially homogeneous and heterogeneous groups. Southern Communication Journal, 54, 253-272.

Gudykunst, W.B., & Hammer, M.R. (1988). The influence of ethnicity, gender, and dyadic composition on uncertainty reduction in initial interactions. Journal of Black Studies, 18, 191-214. [already abstracted, above]

Halberstadt, A. (1985). Race, socioeconomic status, and nonverbal behavior. In A.W. Siegman & S. Feldstein (Eds.), Multichannel integrations of nonverbal behavior (pp. 227-266).

Kochman, T. (1986). Black verbal dueling strategies in interethnic communication. In Y.Y. Kim (Ed.), Interethnic communication: Current research. Newbury Park: Beverly Hills.

LaFrance, M. (1985). Postural mirroring and intergroup relations. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 207-217.

Shuter, R. (1982). Initial interaction of American blacks and whites in interracial and intraracial dyads. Journal of Social Psychology, 117, 45-52.

Ethnicity and Communication

The Interpretive Approach : Communication Theory of Identity

Collier, M. J. (1988). A comparison of conversations among and between domestic cultural groups: How intra- and intercultural communication competencies vary. Communication Quarterly, 36, 122-.

Collier, M.J. (1991). Conflict competence within African, Mexican, and Anglo American friendships. In S. Ting-Toomey and F. Korzenny (Eds.), Cross cultural interpersonal communication (pp. 189-212). Newbury Park: Sage. [already abstracted above]

Collier, M.J., & Powell, R. (1990). Ethnicity, instructional communication, and classroom systems. Communication Quarterly, 38, 334-349.

Collier, M.J., & Thomas, M. (1988). Cultural identity: An interpretive perspective. In Y.Y. Kim & W.B. Gudykunst (Eds.), Theories in intercultural communication (pp. 99-122). Beverly Hills: Sage.

Collier, M.J., Ribeau, S., & Hecht, M.L. (1986). Intracultural communication rules and outcomes within three domestic cultures. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 10, 434-457.

Hecht, M. L., Faulkner, S. L., Meyer, C. R., Niles, T. A., Golden, D., & Cutler, M. (2002). Looking through Northern Exposure at Jewish identity and at the communication theory of identity. Journal of Communication, 52, 852-870.

Hecht, M.L., Larkey, L., & Johnson, J.N. (1992). African American and European American perceptionsof problematic issues in interethnic communication effectiveness. Human Communication Research, 19, 209-236.

Hecht, M.L., Ribeau, S., & Alberts, J.K. (1990). An Afro-American perspective on interethnic communication. Communication Monographs, 56, 384-410.

Hecht, M. L., Ribeau, S., & Sedano, M. V. (1990). A Mexican American perspective on interethnic communication. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 31-.

Jung, E., & Hecht, M. L. (2004). Elaborating the communication theory of identity: Identity gaps and communication outcomes. Communication Quarterly, 52, 265-283.

Martin, J.M., Hecht, M.L., & Larkey, L.K. (1994). Conversational improvement strategies for interethnic communication: African American and European American perspectives. Communication Monographs, 61, 236-255.

Witteborn, S. (2004). Of being an Arab womyn before and after September 11: The enactment of communal identities in talk. The Howard Journal of Communications, 15, 83-98.

Co-cultural Theory (update 3/17/11)

Background & Other research

*Orbe, M. P. (1994). “Remember, it’s always Whites’ ball”: Descriptions of African American male communication. Communication Quarterly, 42, 287-300.

Orbe, M. P. (1995). African American communication research: Towards a deeper understanding of interethnic communication. Western Journal of Communication, 59, 61-78.

*Orbe, M. P. (1998). Constructions of reality on MTV’s The Real World: An analysis of the restrictive coding of Black masculinity. The Southern Journal of Communication, 64, 32-48.

*Watts, E. K., & Orbe, M. P. (2002). The spectacular consumption of “true” African American culture: “Whassup” with the Budweiser guys? Critical Studies in Media Communication, 19, 1-20. DOI:

Theory

Orbe, M. (1996). Laying the foundations for co-cultural communication theory: An inductive approach to studying [words missing]… Communication Studies, 47, 157-177.

Orbe, M. (1998). From the standpoint(s) of traditionally muted groups: Explicating a co-cultural theoretical model. Communication Theory, 8, 1-26.

Orbe, M. (1998). Constructing co-cultural theory: An explication of culture, power, and communication. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Orbe, M. P. (2004). Co-cultural theory and the spirit of dialogue. International and Intercultural Communication Annual, 27, pp. 191-213.

Orbe, M. P. (2005). Continuing the legacy of theorizing from the margins: Conceptualizations of co-cultural theory. Women & Language, 28, pp. 65-66.

Research

*Camara, S. K., & Orbe, M. P. (2010). Analyzing strategic responses to discriminatory acts: A co-cultural investigation. Journal of International & Intercultural Communication, 3, 83-113.

*Hopson, M. C., & Orbe, M. P. (2007). Playing the game: Recalling dialectical tensions for Black men in oppressive organizational structures. The Howard Journal of Communications, 18, 69-86. DOI: 10.1080/10646170601147481

*Matsunaga, M., & Torigoe, C. (2008). Looking at the Japan-residing Korean identities through the eyes of the “outsiders within”: Application and extension of co-cultural theory. Western Journal of Communication, 72, 349-373. DOI: 10.1080/10570310802446007

Orbe, M. P. (1996). Laying the foundation for co-cultural communication theory: An inductive approach to studying “non-dominant” communication strategies and the factors that influence them. Communication Studies, 47, 157-176.

*Orbe, M. P. (1998). An outsider-within perspective to organizational communication: Explicating the communicative practices of co-cultural group members. Management Communication Quarterly, 12, 230-279.

Orbe, M. P. (2004). Co-cultural theory and the spirit of dialogue. In xxx (Eds.), International and Intercultural Communication Annual, 27, 191-213.

*Orbe, M. P., & Drummond, D. K. (2009). Negotiations of the complicitous nature of U.S. racial/ethnic categorization: Exploring rhetorical strategies. Western Journal of Communication, 73, 437-455. DOI: DOI: 10.1080/10570310903279091

*Orbe, M. P., & Groscurth, C. R. (2004). A co-cultural theoretical analysis of communicating on campus and at home: Exploring the negotiation strategies of first-generation college (FGC) students. Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, 5, 41-47.

*Orbe, M., & Warren, K. (2000). Different standpoints, different realities: Race, gender, and perceptions of intercultural conflict. Communication Quarterly, 48, 51-57.

*Sun, W., & Starosta, W. J. (2006). Perceptions of minority invisibility among Asian American professionals. Howard Journal of Communications, 17, 119-142. DOI: 10.1080/10646170600656870

*Urban, E., & Orbe, M. (2007). “The syndrome of the boiled frog”: Exploring international students on U.S. campuses as co-cultural group members. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 2, 117-138. DOI: 10.1080/17475750701478695.

 

See also:

Asante, M.K. (1987). The Afrocentric Idea. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Bernal, M.E., & Knight, G.P. (Eds.). (1993). Ethnic identity: Formation and transmission among Hispanics and other minorities. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Hecht, M.L., Collier, M.J., & Ribeau, S. (1993). African American communication: Ethnic identity and cultural interpretation. Newbury Park: Sage.

Keefe, S.E., & Padilla, A.M. (1987). Chicano ethnicity. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Kochman, T. (1981). Black and white styles in conflict. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

 Interrogating Ethnicity

Altman, K.E., & Nakayama, T.K. (1991). Making a critical difference: A difficult dialogue. Journal of Communication, 41, 116-128.

Clement, R., & Noels, K.A. (1992). Towards a situated approach to ethnolinguistic identity: The effects of status on individuals and groups. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 11, 203-232.

Gans, H.J. (1979). Symbolic ethnicity: The future of ethnic groups and cultures in America. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 2, 1-20.

Gonzalez, A. (1990). Mexican "otherness" in the rhetoric of Mexican-Americans. Southern Communication Journal, 55, 276-291.

Lake, R.A. (1991). Between myth and history: Enacting time in Native American protest rhetoric. The Quarterly Journal of Speech, 77, 123-151.

Lian, K.F. (1982). Identity in minority group relations. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 5, 42-52.

Lowe, L. (1991). Heterogeneity, hybridity, multiplicity: Marking Asian American differences. Diaspora, 1/1, 24-44.

Nakayama, T.K., & Krizek, R.L. (1993). A strategic rhetoric: Deterritorializing whiteness as a critical rhetoric.

Phinney, J.S. (1990). Ethnic identity in adolescents and adults: Review of research. Psychological Bulletin, 108, 499-514.

Radhakrishnan, R. (1987). Ethnic identity and post-structuralist difference. Cultural Critique, 6, 199-220.

Rosenberg, M. (1989). Self-concept research: A historical review. Social Forces, 68, 34-44.

Sampson, E.E. (19xyz). The deconstruction of the self. In J. Shotter & K. Gergen (Eds.), Texts of identity (pp. 1-12). Newbury Park: Sage.

Weinreich, P. (1986). The operationalization of identity theory in racial and ethnic relations. In J. Rex & D. Mason (Eds), Theories of race and ethnic relations (pp. 299-320). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

WHITENESS

Nakayama, T. K., & Martin, J. N. (1999). Whiteness: The communication of social identity. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Racism/Anti-Racism: Joined to UNIT 8

 

Language Discrimination/Attitudes

Lippi-Green, R. (1997). English with an accent: Language, ideology, and discrimination in the United States. New York: Routledge.

 

UNIT 7: CRITICAL THEORY/CULTURAL STUDIES

7A: Foundational Readings: Critical Theory [November 6]

Althusser, L. (1971). Lenin philosophy and other essays (Trans. B. Brewster). London: NLB. [selected reading]. NOTE: Required reading is either this OR Hall, 1985]

Best, S., & Kellner, D. (1991). Postmodern theory: Critical interrogations. New York: Guilford. [selected reading]. NOTE: REQUIRED reading is either Best & Kellner OR Collins OR Roseneau.

Collins, J. (1989). Uncommon cultures: Popular culture and post-modernism. New York: Routledge. [selection]

Gramsci, A. (1983). The modern prince & other writings (Trans. L. Marks). New York: International Publishers. (Original work published in 1957). NOTE: Required reading is either Gramsci OR Hall, 1986.

Hall, S. (1980). Race, articulation, and societies structured in dominance. In UNESCO (Ed.), Sociological theories: Race and colonialism (pp. 305-345). United Kingdom: Unesco.

Hall, S. (1985). Signification, representation, ideology: Althusser and the post-structuralist debates. Critical Studies in Mass Communication. 2, 91-114.

Hall, S. (1986). Gramsci's relevance for the study of race and ethnicity. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 10(2), 5-27.

Lacan, J. (1977). Ecrits: A selection (Trans. A. Sherdan). New York: Norton.

McKerrow, R. [exact cite available later]: Communication scholar writing on critical studies in Mass Comm.

Murdock, G. (1989). Critical inquiry and audience activity. In B. Dervin et al. (Eds.), Rethinking communication (pp. 226-249). Newbury Park: Sage.

Rosenau, P.M. (1992). Post-modernism and the social sciences: Insights, inroads, and intrusions. [Introduction]. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press.

Volosinov, V.N. (1973). Marxism and the philosophy of language (Trans. L. Matejka & I.R. Titunik), New York: Seminar Press.

See also

Vol. 58, No. 2, Communication Monographs. Chautauqua: The case for and against Critical Theory. Includes articles by Pollock & Cox, Conquergood, Strine, Hanna, Ellis, & Huspek.

7B: Cultural Studies: [ 8-8-95]

Balsamo, A., & Treichler, P.A. (1990). Feminist cultural studies: Questions for the 1990s. Women and Language, 13, 3-6.

Carey, J. (1983). The origins of radical discourse on cultural studies in the United States. Journal of Communication, 33, 311-312.

Collins, P.H. (1990). Mammies, matriarchs, and other controlling images. In Black Feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment (pp. 67-89). London: Harper Collins Academic.

Corner, J. (1991). Studying culture: Reflections and assessments. An interview with Richard Hoggart. Media, Culture, and Society, 13, 137-151.

Galbo, J. (1990/91). An interview with John Fiske. Border/Lines, 20/21, 4-7.

Grossberg, L. (1993). Can cultural studies find true happiness in communication? Journal of Communication, 43, 89-97.

Hall, S. (1980). Cultural studies and the Centre: Some problematics and problems. In S. Hall et al. (Eds.), Culture, media, language. London: Hutchinson and the CCCS/University of Birmingham.

Hall, S. (1981). The whites of their eyes: Racist ideologies and the media. In G. Bridges & R. Brunt (Eds.), Silver linings: Some strategies for the eighties (pp. 28-52). London: Lawrence and Wishart.

Hall, S. (1986). Cultural Studies: Two paradigms. In R. Collins (Ed.), Media, culture, and society: A critical reader (pp. 33-48). Newbury Park: Sage.

Johnson, R. (1986/1987). What is Cultural Studies anyway? Social Text, 16, 38-80.

Rodden, J. (1990/1991). Cultural Studies and the culture of academe. Border/Lines, 20-21, 8-12.

Rogers, E.M. (1982). The empirical and the critical schools of communication research. In M. Burgoon (Ed.), Communication yearbook 5 (pp. 125-144). New Brunswick: Transaction Books.

Turner, G. (1990). British cultural studies: An introduction. London: Unwin Hyman. [Ch. 1, pp. 11-39].

See Also

Barker, M. (1981). The new racism: Conservatives and the ideology of the tribe. London: Junction Books.

Barker, M., & Beezer, A. (Eds.). (1992). Reading into cultural studies. London: Routledge [see salmon bib].

Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS). (1982). The Empire strikes back: Race and racism in 70s Britain. London: Hutchison.

Fiske, J. (1989). Understanding popular culture. Boston: Unwin Hyman.

Gilroy, P. (1987). There ain't no black in the Union Jack: The cultural politics of race and nation. London: Hutchison.

Grossberg, L., Nelson, C., & Treichler, P. (Eds.). (1992). Cultural studies. New York: Routledge.

Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J., & Roberts, B. (1978). Policing the crisis: Mugging, the State, and Law and Order. London: Macmillan.

 Williams, R. (1976). Keywords. London: Fontana.

Cultural Studies [journal]. Also, Signs.

 

Some Media Studies

Morton, T. A., & Duck, J. M. (2000). Social identity and media dependency in the gay community: The prediction of safe-sex attitudes. Communication Research, 27, 438-460.

 

7C: Special Reports from Critical Theory/Cultural Studies [11-13-95]

Choose one of the following to discuss in class.

An article from:

Donald, J., & Rattansi, A. (1992). 'Race,' culture and difference. London: Sage. (book of essays/critical theory articles).

OR

Gonzalez, A., Houston, M., & Chen, V. (Eds.). Our voices: Essays in culture, ethnicity, and communication. Los Angeles: Roxbury. (book of essays) [salmon bib]

Collins, P.H. (1990). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. Boston: Harper Collins Academic. [Chapter 4: Mammies, matriarchs, and other controlling images, pp. 67-89).

Trinh, M.-H. (1989). Woman, native, other. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. [selection].

Schwictenberg, C. (1989). The "mother lode" of feminist research: Congruent paradigms in the analysis of beauty culture. In B. Dervin et al. (Eds.), Rethinking communication (pp. 291-306). Newbury Park: Sage.

7D: Contribution to Intercultural/Interethnic Communication: [11-15-95] Contributions to IC Communication

Cohen, P. (1992). 'It's racism what dunnit': Hidden narratives in theories of racism. In J. Donald & A. Rattansi (Eds.), 'Race,' culture & difference (pp. 62-103). London: Sage.

Gilroy, P. (1992). The end of racism. In J. Donald & A. Rattansi (Eds.), 'Race,' culture & difference (pp. 49-61). London: Sage.

Hall, S. (1992). New ethnicities. In J. Donald & A. Rattansi (Eds.), 'Race,' culture & difference (pp. 252-259). London: Sage.

Rattansi, A. (1992). Changing the subject? Racism, culture and education. In J. Donald & A. Rattansi (Eds.), 'Race,' culture & difference (pp. 11-48). London: Sage.

 

7E:       New Directions: Critical Race Theory, Postcolonialism, and so on

Matsuda, M. J. (1993). Words that wound: Critical race theory, assultive speech, and the First

     Amendment. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

UNIT 8: Cultural Communication and Ethnography of Communication

8A: Intro/Discussion [11-20-95]

Braithwaite, C.A., & Carbaugh, D. (Feb., 1992). The contribution of the ethnography of communication to the teaching of intercultural communication. Paper prseented at the annual conference of the Western States Communication Assocation, Boise, Idaho.

Carbaugh, D. (1988). Comments on "culture" in communication inquiry. Communication Reports, 1, 38-41.

Carbaugh, D. (1990). Toward a perspective on cultural communication and intercultural contact. Semiotica, 80, 15-35.

Carbaugh, D. (1994). Toward a perspective on cultural communication and intercultural contact. In L.A. Samovar & R.E. Porter (Eds.), Intercultural communication: A reader (pp. 45-59). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Conquergood, D. (1991). Rethinking ethnography: Towards a critical cultural politics. Communication Monographs, 58, 179-194.

Essed, F. (1990). Understanding everyday racism.

Hymes, D. (1962). The ethnography of speaking. In T. Gladwin & W. Sturtevant (Eds.), Anthropology and human behavior (pp. 13-53). Washington, DC: Anthropological Society of Washington.

Leeds-Hurwitz, W. (1990). Culture and communication: A review essay. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 9, 85-116.

Philipsen, G. (1989). An ethnographic approach to communication studies. In B. Dervin et al. (Eds.), Rethinking communication (pp.258-268). Newbury Park: Sage.

Philipsen, G. (1987). The prospect for cultural communication. In D. Kincaid (Ed.), Communication theory: Eastern and Western perspectives (pp. 245-254). New York: Academic Press.

Rosaldo, R. (1989). Culture and truth: The remaking of social analysis. Boston: Beacon Press. [Ch. 6: Narrative Analysis, pp. 127-143].

Saville-Troike, M. (1989). The ethnography of communication. Baltimore: University Park Press. [Ch. 4: The analysis of communicative events, pp. 108-167].

8B: Specific Ethnographies

Basso, K. (1970). To give up on words: Silence in the Western Apache culture. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 26, 213-230.

Braithwaite, C.A. (1990). Communicative silence: A cross-cultural study of Basso's hypothesis. In D. Carbaugh (Ed.) Cultural communication and intercultural contact (pp. 321-327). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Carbaugh, D. (1988). Cultural terms and tensions in the speech at a television station. Western Journal of Speech Communication, 52, 216-237.

Carbaugh, D. (1989). Fifty terms for talk: A cross-cultural study. In S. Ting-Toomey & Korzenny, F. (Eds.), Language, communication, and culture: Current directions (pp. 93-120). Newbury Park: Sage.

Katriel, T. (1993). Lefargen: A study in Israeli semantics of social relations. Research on Language and Social Interaction. 26, 31-53.

Katriel, T., & Philipsen, G. (1981). 'What we need is communication': 'Communication' as a cultural category in some American speech. Communication Monographs, 48, 301-317.

Liberman, K. (1990). Intercultural communication in central Australia. In D. Carbaugh (Ed.). Cultural communication and intercultural contact (pp. 177-184). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Philipsen, G. (1989). Speech and the communal function in four cultures.In S. Ting-Toomey & Korzenny, F. (Eds.), Language, communication, and culture: Current directions (pp. 79-92). Newbury Park: Sage.

Philipsen, G. (1990). Speaking "like a man" in Teamsterville. In D. Carbaugh (Ed.) Cultural communication and intercultural contact. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

See Also

Carbaugh, D. (1989). Talking American: Cultural discourses on Donohue. Norwood NJ: Ablex.

Hymes, D. (1974). Foundations in sociolinguistics. Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press.

Katriel, T. (1986). Talking straight: "Dugri" speech in Israeli Sabra culture. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Philipsen, G., & Carbaugh, D. (1986). A bibliography of fieldwork in the ethnography of communication. Language Society, 15, 387-398.

Journal: Research on Language and Social Interaction

 

Cross-Cultural Adaptation Readings

 

Please list your e-mail address below the article you would like to receive.

 

Traditional and Online Support Networks in the Cross-Cultural Adaptation of Chinese International Students in the United States. By: Jiali Ye. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Apr2006, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p863-876, 14p, 2 charts; DOI: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.00039.x

 

 

 

 

A Cross-cultural Adaptation and Feminist Perspective of the Lives of Chinese F2s. By: Liu, Xun; Diddi, Arvind; Tian, Qing; Liu, Dongrong. Conference Papers -- International Communication Association, 2005 Annual Meeting, New York, NY, p1-30, 30p

 

 

 

 

Cross-cultural Conflict and Expatriate Manager Exploratory Study. By: Rao, Adarsh; Southard, Sherry; Bates, Christine. Technical Communication, Feb2005, Vol. 52 Issue 1, p106-103, 1/3p

 

 

 

 

Host Communication Competence and Psychological Health: A Study of Cross-cultural Adaptation of Korean Expatriate Employees in the United States*. By: Kim, II, Yang-Soo. Conference Papers -- International Communication Association, 2003 Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, p1-32, 32p; DOI: ica_proceeding_11730.PDF

 

 

 

 

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Ethnic Communication: Two Structural Equation Models. By: Cui, Geng; Berg, Sjef Van Den; Jiang, Yansong. Howard Journal of Communications, Jan-Mar1998, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p69-85, 17p; DOI: 10.1080/106461798247122

 

 

 

 

International Students' Preparation for and Adaptation to the American Higher Education System: A Study of Cross-Cultural Communication. By: Zhuojun Chen. World Communication, 2000, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p25, 24p

Bibliography

Blair-Loy, M. (2001). Cultural construction of family schemas: The case of women finance executives. Gender & Society , 15 (5), 687-709.

Hajek, C., & Giles, H. (2005). Intergroup communication schemas: cognitive representations of talk with gay men. Language & Communication , 25, 161-181.

Malcolm, I. G., & Sharifian, F. (2005). Something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue: Australian Aboriginal student's schematic repertoire. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development , 26 (6), 512-532.

Manz, S., Musolff, A., Long, J., & Saric, L. (2004). Discourses of intercultural identity in Britain, Germany and Eastern Europe. Journal of Multilingual and Multiultural Development , 25 (4/5), 361-368.

Ridley, C. R., Chih, D. W., & Olivera, R. J. (2000). Training in cultural schemas: An antidote to unitentional racism in clinical practice. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry , 70 (1), 65-72.