The Standard View of Science

 

1.  A Foundationist Epistemology

2.  Theories are hypothetico-deductive systems

3.  Research is a theoretical

4.  Emphasis on causality

5.  Explanation equal subsumption under law

 

The Realist View

 

1.  Rejection of foundationist epistemology

2.  Nature and science are stratified and non-reducible

3.  Humean analysis of causation and lawfulness is rejected

4.  Explanation does not equal prediction

 

The Coherence View

 

1.   Rejects corpuscularity

2.   Rejects Newtonian causality

3.   Processes and/or events constitute the one substance.